How to Develop Attention Skills in Early Childhood

Attention is one of the most important mental skills in many parts of daily life and education. The definition of the phenomenon of attention is being aware of external stimuli. For information to be received and processed, attention is an essential condition.

It has a big effect on how the brain works and how we act. Perception is a precondition for perception, which is the first step in understanding the outside world.

Marie Banich, a researcher, says that attention is “a property of the nervous system that lets us respond to multiple environmental stimuli only in ways that meet our current needs and goals.” 

Attention skills for kids

Development  process

Babies are born into a world with a lot of different things going on, so they have to learn to pay attention in order to get used to their surroundings. It should broaden the infant’s perspective in order to help the parent adjust to this complex environment that their kid comes from. The growth of attention is positively influenced by the newborn’s perception.

John Flavell, a developmental psychologist from the United States, claims that as kids get older, their ability to focus and solve problems likewise gets better. Joan Reynell’s research on children shows that a child’s ability to control his or her attention goes through stages.

Attention skills for kids

Depending on their age, children’s attention control develops in different ways.

  • Children 0–1 years old, for instance, are quickly distracted and go from one object to another.
  • Children between the ages of one and two focus their attention in a single direction on what they want.
  • Children between the ages of two and three years old also have unidirectional attention and do not pay attention to stimuli coming from different directions.
  • Children between the ages of 3 and 4 also focus on just one stimulus and need help from their parents about it.
  • Children between the ages of 4 and 5 now exhibit a two-sided quality to their attention.

Attentive childs

A child’s ability to finish a task affects how well their ability to pay attention grows. Based on the tasks the kids were given as part of the game, it’s clear that they came up with phrases that could be used as social references.

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  • Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart, Brad E. Sheese And Pascale Voelker, Developing Attention: Behavioral And Brain Mechanisms, Article, 2014.
  • Lisa D. Sanders, Courtney Stevens, Donna Coch, Helen J. Neville, Selective Auditory Attention İn 3- To 5-Year-Old Children: An Event-Related Potential Study, Article, 2006.
  • Laura Backen Jones, Mary K. Rothbart and Michael I. Posner, Development Of Executive Attention İn Preschool Children, Report, 2003.


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