Food Allergies in Children

A food allergy is an aberrant immune reaction to a specific food. It is critical to understand that this is not the same as food intolerance, which does not affect the immune system but may cause some of the same symptoms.

What factors are associated with food allergies?

A sensitive child must have been exposed to the food at least once before experiencing a food allergy reaction, or they may be sensitized through breast milk. The allergy symptoms appear the second time your child consumes the meal. Histamines are created when IgE antibodies react with food, which might cause your kid to have hives, asthma, itching in the mouth, difficulty breathing, stomach cramps, vomiting, and/or diarrhea.

What’s the distinction between food allergies and food intolerances?

Food allergies activate the immune system, resulting in symptoms in your child that vary from unpleasant to life-threatening. Food intolerance has little effect on the immune system, yet certain symptoms may be similar to food allergies.

What foods are most commonly associated with food allergies?

The following eight foods are responsible for about 90% of all food allergies:

  • Milk
  • Eggs
  • Wheat
  • Soy
  • Nuts from trees
  • Peanuts
  • Fish
  • Shellfis

Food allergies in children are most commonly caused by eggs, milk, and peanuts, although wheat, soy, and tree nuts are also frequent. Peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish frequently cause the most severe reactions. Food allergies affect about 5% of children under the age of five. Between 1997 and 2007, the prevalence of reported food allergies rose by 18% among children under the age of 18. Although most children “outgrow” their allergies, peanut, tree nut, fish, and shellfish sensitivities can be lifelong.

What are the signs of a food allergy?

Allergic symptoms may appear minutes to an hour after consuming the dish. The following are the most prevalent food allergy symptoms: However, each child may uniquely experience symptoms. Symptoms could include:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Cramps
  • Hives
  • Swelling
  • Eczema
  • Lips, tongue, or mouth swelling or itching
  • Itching or throat constriction
  • Having trouble breathing
  • Wheezing
  • The blood pressure has been reduced.

The treatment of food allergies

There is no treatment available to prevent food allergies. The therapy objective is to avoid the foods that trigger the symptoms. It is critical to avoid these foods and other comparable foods in that food category after consulting with your child’s doctor and discovering foods to which your child is allergic. If you are nursing your child, you must avoid foods to which your child is allergic. Small quantities of the food allergen may pass into your breast milk and trigger a response in your child.

If your child is unable to consume particular foods, it is equally critical to provide vitamins and minerals. Consult your child’s doctor about this.

Some children may be offered particular foods again after three to six months, under the supervision of their healthcare practitioner, to check if they have outgrown the allergy. Many allergies in children are transient, and the food may be tolerated after the age of three or four. Milk and soy allergies are most common in newborns and young children. These symptoms are frequently distinct from those of other allergies and may include the following:
  • Colic (fussy infant)
  • Your child’s feces contain blood.
  • Growth is slow.
In conclusion, recognizing the distinction between food allergies and food intolerances is crucial. For individuals with food allergies, strict avoidance of trigger foods is essential, while those with food intolerances should focus on identifying and managing their specific intolerances. Consultation with healthcare professionals is key to developing personalized dietary plans and ensuring the well-being of individuals with these conditions.

Note: The information provided is for educational purposes only and should not replace medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance and support regarding food allergies and intolerances.


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